|Home | About Us | Articles | Ask Question | Publications | Sex Q & A | TELUGU|
An ovarian cyst is a sac filled with fluid that forms on or inside of an ovary. It is also known as Physiologic ovarian cyst; Functional ovarian cyst.
Ovarian cysts may occur during the process in which an egg is released from the ovary (ovulation). During the days before ovulation, a follicle grows. But when ovulation is supposed to occur, the follicle fails to break open and release an egg, as it is supposed to do. Instead, the fluid stays in the follicle and forms a cyst.
Ovarian cysts are somewhat common, and are more common during a woman's childbearing years (from puberty to menopause). Ovarian cysts are rare after menopause.
No known risk factors have been found.
Functional ovarian cysts are not the same as ovarian tumors (including ovarian cancer) or cysts due to hormone-related conditions such as polycystic ovary disease.
An ovarian cyst can cause pain if it:
Symptoms of ovarian cysts can include:
Note: Often there are no symptoms.
Signs and tests
The doctor may order the following blood tests:
Functional ovarian cysts usually don't need treatment. Birth control pills (oral contraceptives) may help make cycles normal and decrease the development of functional ovarian cysts.
Simple ovarian cysts that are larger than 5 - 10 centimeters and complex ovarian cysts that don't go away should be removed with surgery (laparoscopy or exploratory laparotomy).
The doctor may recommend other treatments if a disorder, such as polycystic ovary disease, is causing the ovarian cysts.
Functional ovarian cysts usually disappear within 8 - 12 weeks without treatment. Some nonfunctional ovarian cysts must be treated to go away.
Complications have to do with the condition causing the cysts. Complications can occur with cysts that:
Calling your health care provider
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you have symptoms of an ovarian cyst.
If you are not trying to get pregnant and you often get functional cysts, you can prevent them by taking hormone medications (such as birth control pills), which prevent follicles from forming.
Rights: Abhisarika, India